James Larkin was born in Liverpool, England on January 21, 1876. He is mainly known for establishing the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union. Growing up in the slums of England, James Larkin suffered poverty and constantly had to feed his family through various jobs.
These experiences would later help shape his illustrious career. Eventually, Larkin acquired a job of foreman at the Liverpool docks, which would slowly bring gulf his career.
James Larkin saw the injustice done to employees. As a result, he joined National Union of Dock Labourers (NUDL) and became a union worker. However, NUDL would transfer Larkin in Dublin after learning of his unusual militant methods. In Ireland, he would meet his wife, Elizabeth Brown, and would later have four children. Learn more about Jim Larkin: http://www.irishexaminer.com/lifestyle/artsfilmtv/books/the-definitive-biography-of-big-jim-larkin-372254.html
In Dublin, Larkin would form the Irish Transport and General Workers’ Union, which served to join all of the Irish workers as a whole. He believed it would give them more power to create the much-needed change.
In addition, Larkin formed the Irish Labour Party and led various strikes across Ireland, including the Dublin Lockout in 1913, where more than 100,000 people went on strike for nearly a year. This strike eventually worked as they won equal rights and fair employment.
When World War I broke in Europe, Larkin was one of the first to protest against it. Later, he traveled to the United States to get their help in fighting the British. Soon, he was charged with treason and communism.
Only three years later, he was pardoned and deported back to Ireland, where he was still despised by Ireland’s government — where his life was constantly on watch. Despite the fact, Larkin organized the Workers’ Union of Ireland and was even acknowledged by the Communist International. Read more: Jim Larkin | Biography and Jim Larkin | Wikipedia
One day while visiting the WUI’s Thomas Ashe Hall, Larkin fell from the fall and died in the Meath Hospital on January 20, 1947.
Larkin had assumed his death was near because his wife, Elizabeth, had died only three years prior. Today, Larkin is well known for being an Irish labor organizer and a fierce activist for workers all across Ireland.